Food or predator, which one has been driving the evolution of moths and butterflies?

1KITE-Lepidoptera Kawahara, A. Y.*, D. Plotkin, M. Espeland, K. Meusemann, E. F.A. Toussaint, A. Donath, F. Gimnich, P. B. Frandsen, A. Zwick, M. dos Reis, J. R. Barber, R. S. Peters, S. Liu, X. Zhou, C. Mayer, L. Podsiadlowski, C. Storer, B. Misof, J. W. Breinholt. 2019. Phylogenomics reveals the evolutionary timing and pattern of butterflies and moths. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1907847116. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1907847116 Abstract: Butterflies and moths (Lepidoptera) are one of the major superradiations of insects, comprising nearly 160,000 described extant species. As herbivores, pollinators, and prey, Lepidoptera play a fundamental role in

How did stick/leaf insects become sticks and leafs

1KITE: Phasmatodea Simon, S., H. Letsch, S. Bank, T. R. Buckley, A. Donath, S. Liu, R. Machida, K. Meusemann, B. Misof, L. Podsiadlowski, X. Zhou, B. Wipfler, and S. Bradler. 2019. Old World and New World Phasmatodea: phylogenomics resolve the evolutionary history of stick and leaf insects. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 7:345. doi: 10.3389/fevo.2019.00345 https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2019.00345 Abstract: Phasmatodea comprises over 3,000 extant species and stands out as one of the last remaining insect orders for which a robust, higher-level phylogenetic hypothesis is lacking. New research suggests that the extant diversity is the result of a surprisingly recent and rapid radiation that

© 2020 by Xin Zhou

The Zhou lab, China Agricultural University